VOLUME 36, ISSUE 2
Distributed quarterly by mail and email, the Conservative Caucus of Delaware's newsletter contains relevant information and insights from noted leaders, authoritative stakeholders and like-minded members who demonstrate their passion for the truths we hold dear by putting pen to paper!
Taxation is Theft
By Patrick Barron
The tax season is upon us and once again it is time to reflect on the justification of any form of tax. Are taxes, like death, really inevitable? More importantly, even if taxes are inevitable, are they justified? Frederic Bastiat answered this question
almost two hundred years ago. Taxes are justified, meaning that taxes promote justice, only to the extent that they secure our lives our liberties, and our property. All other purposes to which taxes are applied are unjust. This is the conclusion of his now famous book The Law.
The logic behind Bastiat's conclusion is rather simple--God has bestowed on man his life, his liberty, and his property. Ah, property! This is the essence of Bastiat's insight. Man first has property in himself. This is undeniable. There are only three possibilities to the question of who owns man. Either someone else owns him; everyone owns everyone else, or each man owns himself. The first two options are self contradictory. If one man can own another, who can say who owns who? Furthermore, what is the basis of his claim?
This clearly is the rationale of all tyranny. If everyone owns everyone else, all action stops. One would have to obtain the permission of everyone else in order to perform the simplest act. I must say that it seems to me that we are fast approaching this horrible condition. Government everywhere is claiming the right to bestow or withhold permission for the individual to perform even the smallest act. So we arrive at the only true solution, which is that man, as a creature of God, owns himself.
As such man has certain rights that are anterior to any other claim. Our own Declaration of Independence is
perhaps the clearest proclamation that men “are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” Man's rights come from God; they cannot be taken away or even given away; the most important of these rights is the right to live, to be free, and to pursue
Bastiat continues the logic of Thomas Jefferson's magnificent manifesto that man can bestow upon government only those powers that he himself already possessed. Since no man has the prior right from God to take away another man's life, liberty, or property, no organization of men can claim in justice to do the same. Therefore, any tax that funds a purpose other than the equal protection of man's rights, is a violation of true justice.
Government at all levels today would be hard pressed to make a logical case that most of what it does fits Jefferson's and Bastiat's definition of just law. I write out checks to the hated IRS and other taxing bodies, but I do so not out of a sense that it is just but for the expedient of self preservation from the government's wrath. I imagine that most readers, if they are honest with themselves, are doing the same. ■
State Budgeting Doesn't
By William Whipple, III
Delaware’s legislature overshot the end of June budget deadline last year, and no one was happy about the last-minute tax increases and spending cuts. Whatever exactly had gone wrong, there was general agreement that Delaware’s political leaders had “blown it.” [General Assembly] must do better next year, News Journal, July 9, 2017.
“. . . most reasonable outside observers believe the state needs both spending and revenue reform.” Start talking now, no need to wait until 2018. And let the Democrats make the first move by following through on their agreement to “study ideas like school district consolidation, Medicaid reform, and ways to help the state more responsibly spend its budget surpluses. [They should offer] real plans to save money, and pay the political price of implementing the plans.”
Then Republicans “need to step up and vote for revenue,” which could take the form of income tax increases or property tax reassessment/rate increases.
This year’s budget process should be comparatively painless based on current revenue estimates (which have been fattened by the tax increases enacted in 2017), but the respite may be brief. Note this chart from the governor’s budget presentation, which shows future state outlays relentlessly out-stripping revenue sources.
There has been some activity in each of the cost cutting areas mentioned in the News Journal editorial, but it seems to primarily consist of conducting studies versus actually cutting costs.
(1) School District Consolidation – The public-school system in Delaware is run by a large number of school districts (19), which in turn are supervised by a state Department of
Education. This top-heavy bureaucracy is expensive, and it also leads to much second guessing of decisions made by administrators at the school level. Savings from consolidating school districts could easily amount to $50 million per year or more, but the changes required (e.g., numerous people in the existing structure
losing their jobs) would be difficult. Prior studies of the matter have gone nowhere.
In the wake of missing its budget deadline last year, the General
Assembly authorized a task force to restudy school district consolidation with a reporting deadline of January 30, 2018. Most of the task force members appointed had a vested interest in preserving the status quo, however, and it was quickly decided that the study goal would be to “benefit children” versus reducing overhead or enhancing efficiency. “Will school district consolidation task force make the grade?” (Whipple), Conservative Caucus Newsletter, October 2017.
The reporting deadline is now long past, and there are no signs that the task force will recommend the consolidation of any school districts. As a consolation prize, there may be some recommendations about consolidating school district procurement, et cetera.
Government Efficiency and
Accountability Review Board, (GEAR) Annual Report, December 2017.
(GEAR is a high level, inter-departmental advisory group that was established early in the Carney administration. It is charged with “developing recommendations for developing efficiency and effectiveness across State government, including by
improving the strategic planning process, improving the use of metrics in resource allocation decisions and improving continuous improvement practices.” Whew, that’s a mouthful!)
After noting plans to partner with school district superintendents and business managers to identify and implement cost saving opportunities, the GEAR report sidesteps potential benefits of school district consolidation. “These issues must be
addressed by the Governor and General Assembly, working in partnership with the Department of Education, school
districts and other parties impacted by such potential consolidations.”
(2) Healthcare – A high-profile effort is underway to benchmark overall
healthcare spending in Delaware for bringing down costs while simultaneously improving the results. Hmm, sounds like the “all gain, no pain” claims that were used to sell Obamacare a few years ago. Governor John Carney and Department of Healthcare and Social Services (DHSS) Secretary Kara Odom Walker
benchmarking project last September, and Walker recently wrote a follow-up column. Get serious on healthcare costs, Kara Odom Walker, News Journal, February 11, 2018.
While it’s pleasing to think of patients, caregivers, doctors, nurses, hospital, employers, et cetera. all working together “to find opportunities to eliminate waste and reduce unnecessary care,” the interests and motivations of these people and groups are far from congruent.
Who should decide whether a given medical test or procedure is or isn’t necessary? If the answer is government bureaucrats or insurance companies, there may be a tendency to control costs by rationing care. On the other hand, doctors might seek to maximize profits.
What’s the incentive for patients to control costs if a relatively minor portion of the money is perceived to be coming out of their own pockets? Perhaps the real problem with the healthcare system is not the supposedly obsolete fee for service model, but rather the lack of choice and competition in the healthcare and healthcare insurance markets.
If a network of “accountable care organizations” assumed total responsibility for healthcare outcomes, how could it be ensured that ACOs would faithfully represent the interests of the patients versus their own institutional self-interest?
For all the hype about the benchmarking strategy, there isn’t much evidence that state government
expenditures would be reduced. This initiative is reflected in the governor’s FY 2019 budget charts as a benefit (fostering a healthier Delaware) versus a cost savings. The overall budget for the DHSS is shown as increasing from $1.178 billion in FY 2018 to $1.194 billion in FY 2019. And although a $6
million Medicaid cost savings is shown on another chart, no connection to benchmarking is noted.
The GEAR annual report describes the healthcare benchmarking study as “work [that] is important for the entire State budget as well [as] Delaware’s economy,” but indicates that GEAR’s “focus will be on achieving efficiencies within the department.” Opportunities cited include reducing DHSS operating costs (overtime, leasing, fleet services) and increasing DHSS revenues (service fees, federal funding, et cetera.)
(3) Other Areas – Aside from the GEAR report, which speaks grandly of more systematic use of strategic planning and performance budget processes, creating a financial services roundtable to identify continuous
improvement opportunities, et cetera, one would be hard pressed to find much evidence of current cost cutting
efforts in the state government.
In his State of the State address, the governor proposed a number of new spending initiatives but “no proposed spending cuts were offered during the 30-minute speech.” Carney outlines priorities for state, Scott Goss, News Journal, January 19, 2018. And in the breakdown of general fund spending by department (23 functions with a recommended FY 2019 budget of $4.25 billion), only “other elective” (comprised of the lieutenant governor and the offices of the treasurer, auditor and insurance commissioner) is shown as suffering a significant cut ($2.3 million) from the previous year.
If the state’s political leaders aspire to bend the government cost curve down, they have a long way to go. ■